India is a land of customs and traditions, and marriage is regarded as the most sacred institution. A series of proper rituals, customs and ceremonies are performed, not only on the day of marriage, but also before and after. But apart from all these, there is a kind of marriage that does not require any ritual or rite, the Registry Marriage. Marriage registration in India holds an important value. It not only gives legal recognition to a relationship but also affords certain securities to both, the husband and the wife.


We are all aware of the extent of the influence of caste in our country and when it comes to marriages in India it is regarded as an important criterion. Parents search for the groom or bride for their child of the same caste. Intercaste marriage is considered considered as a sin in some places of our country. People are expected to marry within their caste and whoever tries to defy the traditional barrier is shunned in society. There occur a number of honour killing every year and people even take pride in doing so. Due to all these mishaps occurring, marriage registration in India came into existence. The law is known as the Special Marriage Act. It provides a special form of marriage for the people in India and foreign holding Indian Nationality.

Marriage registration in India has many benefits.


Marriage registration in India has the benefit of the marriage certificate. For traveling abroad on a spouse visa or for applying for a residency to another country one needs a valid marriage certificate. A marriage certificate is also required for buying a property together and registering it under joint ownership. It is also required in case if someone wants to apply for a home loan. Thus marriage registration in India provides this advantage.


Marriage registration in India allows to register under the Hindu marriage Act or Special Marriage Act.  If both the husband and the wife are Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain then the marriage is registered under the Hindu Marriage act and if they are Muslim, Christian or Parsi then it is registered under the Special Marriage act. There are differences in both the registration process. Anyways, they don’t affect their life in long terms.



Marriage registration in India occurs offline. Both partners need to apply to the sub-register under whose jurisdiction the marriage was solemnized, under the Hindu Marriage Act. 

Under the Special Marriage Act, both partners have to give a 30-day notice to the sub-registrar under whose jurisdiction at least one of the partners has resided. A copy of this notice is put on the sub-registrar’s office board for a period of 30 days.